One of the best books I would recommend to an HR professional is ‘Toyota Culture’ with the subtitle ‘The heart and soul of Toyota Way.’ The book is not just comprehensive and practical, but very mature in thought in what it prescribes. There are many ways of managing people well and creating the desired culture, this book tells us the Toyota way of doing it.
If that be so, why is it that Toyota is having frequent problems in its plants at Bidadi?
Let us search some answers in whatever is available in the press.
The Bidadi plant of Toyota Kirloskar began production in 1999. Since then it is a story of industrial strife. In 2005 Toyota workers’ union affiliated itself to CITU which was disapproved by the Management and the rift widened.
The issue involved in the present strike or lockout is said to be a wage dispute. Toyota has offered Rs 3050 while the workers want Rs 4000 increase. If this is the real issue, then it sounds funny that the parties are breaking negotiations for a mere Rs 950 gap which is seen as not a very wide gap. Obviously there is something more than meets the eye.
The newspaper report says. ‘Answering a question on conciliatory meetings on the wage hike issue, Viswanathan said "...We did have a final meeting where we believe where union agreed to a final wage, we only want them to come and sign....Matter stands as far as we are concerned at Rs 3,100."’
Toyota has suspended or dismissed some workers and then introduced an ‘undertaking’ as a pre-condition of allowing workers entry to the plant. This is not acceptable to the workers. Toyota is running the plant at 50% capacity.
The view of some people is that Toyota is implementing its practices which will not work in Indian culture. Regimented way of working is not acceptable to Indian people, and Toyota seems to demand it. The charge of being ‘tone deaf’ is often levelled against Toyota. Toyota excels in creating certain practices and then implements rigorously. And there lies the catch. Implementation is influenced by several local factors.
We are presuming here that the issues are beyond wages, it is also about implementation of changes. There is some but not enough material to believe so, but since this issue is faced by all organisations, I am expressing my thoughts.
So on one hand we have an organisation which has created excellent and mature policies and outstanding practices, and on the other hand we see their failure. This is what the book [Toyota Culture] tells us:
“Managing Toyota Way and establishing a Toyota culture is not negotiable. The local management should establish a stance toward labour unions, taking into consideration local culture, laws, labour movements and so on. If the management of the company does have a union, both should recognize that the prosperity of the company is the common objective and both must use thorough communication in order to resolve any differences of opinions and build a healthy relationship of mutual trust. The relationship of mutual trust can ensure the long term prosperity of the company and thereby stabilise employee lives by maintaining and improving working conditions.”
The reports of previous strife suggest that the management was averse to union formation. It was also averse to union’s affiliation to CITU. [Incidentally, at this juncture a story is developing in Canada about unionisation in a Toyota plant]. Read carefully ‘the local management should establish a stance towards unions taking in to account the local culture, laws … .’ Do we see this happening in Toyota? Perhaps there is no issue now but it existed earlier.
More interesting is the statement that “Managing Toyota Way and establishing a Toyota culture is not negotiable.” There is nothing wrong about this statement too. The issue is how it gets implements.
Toyota policies are well defined and well thought out. Well defined policies which are not evolved at a given establishment require highest level of influencing for implementation – a skill in short supply. Toyota is well within its rights to say that the establishment will be managed in a particular way, and that there is no negotiability to that issue. But when it translates to ‘Toyota way or Highway’ because of lack of will or skill of influencing, it becomes counterproductive.
Expectations are running rather high from Toyota managers. Toyota has once again moved against current by saying men are better than robots. Here is a video which says so. It is also time to humanise the auto factories.